*Virginia:*

- VA PS.1a The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which chemicals and equipment are used safely.
- VA PS.1n The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which current applications of physical science concepts are used.
- VA PH.4a The student will investigate and understand how applications of physics affect the world. Key concepts include examples from the real world
- VA PH.4b The student will investigate and understand how applications of physics affect the world. Key concepts include exploration of the roles and contributions of science and technology.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-ETS1-2. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.M.01 Systematically analyze problems, using top down design, in order to break them down into smaller components, using procedures, modules, and/or objects to implement abstractions.

*DC:*

- DC P.1.10 Select and use appropriate tools and technology to perform tests, collect data, analyze relationships, and display data.

*Virginia:*

- VA PS.1a The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which chemicals and equipment are used safely.
- VA PS.1n The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which current applications of physical science concepts are used.
- VA PH.4a The student will investigate and understand how applications of physics affect the world. Key concepts include examples from the real world
- VA PH.4b The student will investigate and understand how applications of physics affect the world. Key concepts include exploration of the roles and contributions of science and technology.
- VA PH.5d The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include Newton’s laws of motion

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-PS2-1. Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.
- NGSS HS-ETS1-2. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.M.01 Systematically analyze problems, using top down design, in order to break them down into smaller components, using procedures, modules, and/or objects to implement abstractions.

*DC:*

- DC P.1.10 Select and use appropriate tools and technology to perform tests, collect data, analyze relationships, and display data.

*Virginia:*

- VA PS.1a The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which chemicals and equipment are used safely.
- VA PS.1n The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which current applications of physical science concepts are used.
- VA PH.4a The student will investigate and understand how applications of physics affect the world. Key concepts include examples from the real world
- VA PH.4b The student will investigate and understand how applications of physics affect the world. Key concepts include exploration of the roles and contributions of science and technology.
- VA PH.5d The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include Newton’s laws of motion

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-PS2-1. Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.
- NGSS HS-ETS1-2. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.M.01 Systematically analyze problems, using top down design, in order to break them down into smaller components, using procedures, modules, and/or objects to implement abstractions.

*DC:*

- DC P.1.10 Select and use appropriate tools and technology to perform tests, collect data, analyze relationships, and display data.

*Virginia:*

- VA PH.7a The student will investigate and understand that energy can be transferred and transformed to provide usable work. Key concepts include transfer and storage of energy among systems including mechanical, thermal, gravitational, electromagnetic, chemical, and nuclear systems.
- VA PH.10b The student will investigate and understand how to use the field concept to describe the effects of gravitational, electric, and magnetic forces. Key concepts include technological applications.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-PS2-5. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current.
- NGSS HS-PS3-3. Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.

*Maryland:*

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA CSF.15a The student will design and implement algorithms using sequencing of instructions.
- VA CSF.15a The student will design and implement algorithms using conditional execution.
- VA CSF.15a The student will design and implement algorithms using iteration.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.A.01 Develop prototypes that use algorithms (e.g., sequencing, selection, iteration, recursion, etc.) to solve computational problems by leveraging prior student knowledge and personal interest.

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA PRG.12 The student will implement an algorithm that uses existing functions and accesses existing libraries or APIs to satisfy its requirements.
- VA CSF.12 The student will design and implement a program working individually and in teams using a text-based language.
- VA CSF.14 The student will design and iteratively develop programs for practical intent or personal expression, incorporating feedback from users.
- VA CSF.15a The student will design and implement algorithms using sequencing of instructions;
- VA CSF.15b The student will design and implement algorithms using conditional execution; and
- VA CSF.15c The student will design and implement algorithms using iteration.
- VA CSF.16 The student will implement a program that accepts input values, stores them in appropriately named variables, and produces output.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.A.01 Develop prototypes that use algorithms (e.g., sequencing, selection, iteration, recursion, etc.) to solve computational problems by leveraging prior student knowledge and personal interest.

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA PH.11a The student will investigate and understand how to diagram, construct, and analyze basic electrical circuits and explain the function of various circuit components. Key concepts include Ohm’s law.
- VA PH.11b The student will investigate and understand how to diagram, construct, and analyze basic electrical circuits and explain the function of various circuit components. Key concepts include series, parallel, and combined circuits.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-PS3-1. Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.

*Maryland:*

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA PRG.7 The student will implement programs that accept input from a variety of sources and produce output based on that input.
- VA PRG.11 The student will analyze a large-scale computational problem, identify generalizable patterns, and implement a solution.
- VA PRG.12 The student will implement an algorithm that uses existing functions and accesses existing libraries or APIs to satisfy its requirements.
- VA CSF.12 The student will design and implement a program working individually and in teams using a text-based language.
- VA CSF.14 The student will design and iteratively develop programs for practical intent or personal expression, incorporating feedback from users.
- VA CSF.15a The student will design and implement algorithms using sequencing of instructions.
- VA CSF.15b The student will design and implement algorithms using conditional execution.
- VA CSF.15c The student will design and implement algorithms using iteration.
- VA CSF.21a The student will create programs demonstrating an understanding that program development is an ongoing process that requires adjusting and debugging along the way.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.A.01 Develop prototypes that use algorithms (e.g., sequencing, selection, iteration, recursion, etc.) to solve computational problems by leveraging prior student knowledge and personal interest.
- MD 10.AP.A.02 Design and implement an algorithm to play a game against a human opponent or solve a problem.
- MD 10.AP.PD.03 Evaluate and refine computational artifacts to improve usability, accessibility, and efficiency.
- MD 10.AP.PD.04 Design and develop computational artifacts while working collaboratively.

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA PRG.11 The student will analyze a large-scale computational problem, identify generalizable patterns, and implement a solution.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.CS.D.01 Explain how abstractions hide the underlying implementation of computing systems embedded in everyday objects.

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.IC.C.03 Demonstrate and explain how an existing algorithm/computational innovation applies to problems across disciplines.

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA PH.4a The student will investigate and understand how applications of physics affect the world. Key concepts include examples from the real world.
- VA PH.5d The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include Newton’s laws of motion.
- VA PH.10 The student will investigate and understand how to use the field concept to describe the effects of gravitational, electric, and magnetic forces. Key concepts include technological applications.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-PS3-5. Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.
- NGSS HS-PS2-1. Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.

*Maryland:*

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA PH.4a The student will investigate and understand how applications of physics affect the world. Key concepts include examples from the real world.
- VA PH.5d The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include Newton’s laws of motion.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA PH.5a The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include linear motion.
- VA PRG.7 The student will implement programs that accept input from a variety of sources and produce output based on that input.
- VA PRG.11 The student will analyze a large-scale computational problem, identify generalizable patterns, and implement a solution.
- VA PRG.12 The student will implement an algorithm that uses existing functions and accesses existing libraries or APIs to satisfy its requirements.
- VA CSF.12 The student will design and implement a program working individually and in teams using a text-based language.
- VA CSF.14 The student will design and iteratively develop programs for practical intent or personal expression, incorporating feedback from users.
- VA CSF.15a The student will design and implement algorithms using sequencing of instructions.
- VA CSF.15b The student will design and implement algorithms using conditional execution.
- VA CSF.15c The student will design and implement algorithms using iteration.
- VA CSF.21a The student will create programs demonstrating an understanding that program development is an ongoing process that requires adjusting and debugging along the way.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.A.02 Design and implement an algorithm to play a game against a human opponent or solve a problem.
- MD 10.AP.PD.03 Evaluate and refine computational artifacts to improve usability, accessibility, and efficiency.
- MD 10.AP.PD.04 Design and develop computational artifacts while working collaboratively.

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA PH.5d The student will investigate and understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, and time through mathematical and experimental processes. Key concepts include Newton’s laws of motion.
- VA PRG.7 The student will implement programs that accept input from a variety of sources and produce output based on that input.
- VA CSF.15a The student will design and implement algorithms using sequencing of instructions.
- VA CSF.15b The student will design and implement algorithms using conditional execution.
- VA CSF.15c The student will design and implement algorithms using iteration.
- VA CSF.21a The student will create programs demonstrating an understanding that program development is an ongoing process that requires adjusting and debugging along the way.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

- NGSS HS-ETS1-3. Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.A.02 Design and implement an algorithm to play a game against a human opponent or solve a problem.
- MD 10.AP.PD.03 Evaluate and refine computational artifacts to improve usability, accessibility, and efficiency.
- MD 10.AP.PD.04 Design and develop computational artifacts while working collaboratively.

*DC:*

*Virginia:*

- VA CSF.15a The student will design and implement algorithms using sequencing of instructions.
- VA CSF.15b The student will design and implement algorithms using conditional execution.
- VA CSF.15c The student will design and implement algorithms using iteration.

*Next Generation Science Standards:*

*Maryland:*

- MD 10.AP.PD.04 Design and develop computational artifacts while working collaboratively.

*DC:*

gearedup@*first*chesapeake.org

call 804.572.8454 or

443.837.5882

*FIRST* Chesapeake

2101 Maywill Street

Richmond VA 23230